1. Draw 2 tree diagrams representing the 2 meanings of the following sentence.
The ugly journalist interviewed the handsome actor in a tuxedo.
Meaning 1:  
Tree 1:                              
Meaning 2:  
Tree 2:                                   
  • In the following passage, indicate in the blank following each underlined suffix whether it is inflectional (I) or derivational (D). 

In 2005, a linguist-anthropologist, Daniel Everett, published [        ] a startling report on Piraha), a language spoken [            ] by a few hundred mostly [               ] monolingual tribespeople in the rainforest of northwestern Brazil.  Piraha), it was claimed [            ], lacks complex syntactic structure in general, including [             ] complement clauses, and coordination [   ] – unlike any other known language, it supposedly permits [      ] only short, simple sentences.  (It is also said to lack color terms, numerals, and quantity-denoting expressions such as every and some.)  Although the report has received quite widespread attention in the media, its accuracy [          ] is being [       ] hotly debated within linguistics.  A great deal of additional [          ]  research and scrutiny will be required before a consensus is reached on the status of this fascinating language. 

  •  Identify for each group of words the word formation process illustrated by the groups of word listed.
ProcessName of process
Example: William Lynch > lynchcoinage
information, commercial > infomercial     
automation >              automate   
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome > AIDS   
(the) comb > comb (your head)   
typographical error > typo   
they have finished > they’ve finished   
love, seat  > loveseat   
go > went   
  1. Draw tree diagrams for the following English sentences.
Wallace wondered whether Gromit swallowed the goldfish.
Gromit put the goldfish in the bowl on the mantel.
  • Draw tree structures for the following words.
  • Determine whether the following languages have an analytic (isolating), inflectional (fusional), agglutinating, or polysynthetic morphology.
Japanese  Taro-ga      Hanako-ni    mainiti         tegami-o          kaku Taro-Subj. Hanako-to    everyday     letter – Obj.     write ‘Taro writes a letter to Hanako every day.’  
Samoan  ?ua       maalamalama    a?u    i     le          mataa?upu Pres.     understand         I       Obj. the     lesson ‘I understand the lesson.’  
Finnish  tytto_                        silitti                                     paidat girl-Subj.-Singular   iron – Past – Singular           shirt-Obj.-Plural ‘The girl ironed the shirts.’  
  • Determine whether the bracketed parts in the following sentences are constituents.  Be sure to justify your answer by applying a constituency test.
  1. Wallace charged [up the battery].
  • Wallace charged [up the street]. 
  • Examine the data from Turkish, and answer the questions that follow.     
  1. What are the morphemes for:
city from 
hand to 
bridge on, in 
bell my 
house your 
voice Plural marker 
  • What is the order of morphemes?

Fill in the boxes with: Plural, Possessive, Postposition, Root

  • What do the following mean in English?
  • How would you say ‘to the buses’ in Turkish?  

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