Draw 2 tree diagrams representing the 2 meanings of the following sentence.
The ugly journalist interviewed the handsome actor in a tuxedo.
In the following passage, indicate in the blank following each underlined suffix whether it is inflectional (I) or derivational (D).
In 2005, a linguist-anthropologist, Daniel Everett, published [ ] a startling report on Piraha), a language spoken [ ] by a few hundred mostly [ ] monolingual tribespeople in the rainforest of northwestern Brazil. Piraha), it was claimed [ ], lacks complex syntactic structure in general, including [ ] complement clauses, and coordination [ ] – unlike any other known language, it supposedly permits [ ] only short, simple sentences. (It is also said to lack color terms, numerals, and quantity-denoting expressions such as every and some.) Although the report has received quite widespread attention in the media, its accuracy [ ] is being [ ] hotly debated within linguistics. A great deal of additional [ ] research and scrutiny will be required before a consensus is reached on the status of this fascinating language.
Identify for each group of words the word formation process illustrated by the groups of word listed.
Name of process
Example: William Lynch > lynch
information, commercial > infomercial
automation > automate
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome > AIDS
(the) comb > comb (your head)
typographical error > typo
they have finished > they’ve finished
love, seat > loveseat
go > went
Draw tree diagrams for the following English sentences.
Wallace wondered whether Gromit swallowed the goldfish.
Gromit put the goldfish in the bowl on the mantel.
Draw tree structures for the following words.
Determine whether the following languages have an analytic (isolating), inflectional (fusional), agglutinating, or polysynthetic morphology.
Taro-ga Hanako-ni mainiti tegami-o kaku Taro-Subj. Hanako-to everyday letter – Obj. write ‘Taro writes a letter to Hanako every day.’
?ua maalamalama a?u i le mataa?upu Pres. understand I Obj. the lesson ‘I understand the lesson.’
tytto_ silitti paidat girl-Subj.-Singular iron – Past – Singular shirt-Obj.-Plural ‘The girl ironed the shirts.’
Determine whether the bracketed parts in the following sentences are constituents. Be sure to justify your answer by applying a constituency test.
Wallace charged [up the battery].
Wallace charged [up the street].
Examine the data from Turkish, and answer the questions that follow.
What are the morphemes for:
What is the order of morphemes?
Fill in the boxes with: Plural, Possessive, Postposition, Root