Company doing it on: iRobot (NASDAQ: IRBT) iRobot Technology. for the below

Cost of Capital, Capital Structure,

and Capital Budgeting Analysis

1. Purpose of the project:

In this project, you are supposed to be a financial manager to apply the knowledge obtained from the Financial Management course to estimate the cost of debt, cost of preferred stock, cost of common equity, capital structure, and the weighted average cost of capital (WACC) for a publicly-traded corporation of your choice. You will use the estimated WACC as the discount rate to perform capital budgeting analysis for a hypothetical project (the information is given below) that is under consideration by the selected company, and decide whether the project should be accepted.

2. Outline for the project:

(1) Executive Summary (10 points)

– Summarize the major findings, results, and analysis of the report.

(2) Financial Ratio Analysis (40 points)

You are expected to apply the knowledge obtained in Financial Management and Financial Statement Analysis () to the key financial ratios of the selected company.

– Perform trend analysis of the key financial ratios (i.e., liquidity ratios, asset management ratios, debt management ratios, profitability ratios, market value ratios) of the company during the most recent 5-year period.

– Perform industry (or benchmark companies) comparison analysis of the key financial ratios of the company in the most recent year.

– Based on the financial ratio analysis results, discuss/evaluate the financial performance of the company.

(3) Estimate Capital Structure (25 points)

– Estimate the firms’ weights of debt, preferred stock, and common stock using the firms’ balance sheet (book value) in the most recent year.

– Estimate the firms’ weights of debt, preferred stock, and common stock using the market value of each capital component in the most recent year.

(4) Compute Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) (35 points)

– Estimate the firms before-tax and after-tax component cost of debt; (Note: If the information about the current corporate tax rate is not available, you need to estimate the tax rate based on the historical tax payments).

– Estimate the firms component cost of preferred stock;

– Use three approaches (CAPM, DCF, bond-yield-plus-risk-premium) to estimate the component cost of common equity for the firm.

– Calculate the firms weighted average cost of capital (WACC) using the market-based capital weights.

(5) Cash Flow Estimation (40 points)

– We assume that the company you selected is considering a new project. The project has 8 years life. This project requires an initial investment of $330 million to purchase equipment, and $25 million for shipping & installation fees. The fixed assets fall in the 7-year MACRS class. The number of units of the new product expected to be sold in the first year is 1,350,000 and the expected annual growth rate is 5%. The sales price is $250 per unit and the variable cost is $182 per unit in the first year, but they should be adjusted accordingly based on the estimated annualized inflation rate of 2%. The required net operating working capital (NOWC) is 7.5% of sales. Use the corporate tax rate obtained in Step (4) for the project. The project is assumed to have the same risk as the corporation, so you should use the WACC you obtained from prior steps as the discount rate. Note: you may revise the partial model in the file Ch11 P18 Build a Model.xls on the website of the textbook (also posted in this final project learning module in Blackboard) for capital budgeting analysis, but you are NOT required to strictly follow the partial model. Actually, you are encouraged to build a better model by yourself.

– Compute the depreciation basis and annual depreciation of the new project. (You can refer to Table 11A-2 MACRS allowances on pp.496 in the textbook)

– Estimate annual cash flows for 8 years.

– Draw a time line of the cash flows.

(6) Capital Budgeting Analysis (40 points)

– Using the WACC obtained from in Step (4) as the discount rate for this project, apply capital budgeting analysis techniques (NPV, IRR, MIRR, PI, Payback, Discounted Payback) to analyze the new project.

– Perform a sensitivity analysis for the effects of key variables (e.g., sales growth rate, cost of capital, unit costs, sales price) on the estimated NPV or IRR in order to demonstrate the sensitivity of the model. The Scenario analysis of several variables simultaneously is encouraged (but not required). A PDF document named Sensitivity Analysis in Excel is provided in this learning module. The article introduces the Data Table method that you can use for performing sensitivity analysis in Excel.

– Discuss whether the project should be taken and summarize your report.

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