Topics: Choose one of the following:
1 How did the relationship between Elie and his father change in the course of the year on which the book focuses?  How do you account for that change? Use examples.   

2   How has Elie tried to keep you from responding to his story the way he and his father once responded to the one Moishe the Beadle told them at the beginning? 

3   Choose one of the themes of Night and trace its relevance throughout Elie’s experience.

Instructions: Compose a critical analysis research  essay on one of the topics above. Your essay should be well-developed, unified, coherent, and grammatically correct. Required length: 2-3 full pages.

  1. Create a thesis statement, and back up your claim with support/evidence from the text. You will write your essay on the literature just as you did for Essays 1 and 2.  Support should contain clear, specific examples from the story you are analyzing, as well as documentation for all text references. Include quotations from the literature text in each body paragraph of your essay, for a total of 4 quotations. You can use more if you wish. 
  2. You must find 2 articles (this is your research) from a Literary Database (Literary Reference Center or Ebsco Host) and use them within your paper, for a total of 4 quotes total from your secondary sources. Remember, a critical literary article is not just a google search, but it is an article written by an expert in the field who is adding understanding and importance to the work. You are to use direct quotes- writing word for word what the source says. Do not use over 4 lines or this is a block quote [look it up]. You may NOT use block quotes in your paper. You can also use summarizing/paraphrasing – taking your source’s information and putting it completely in your own words.  None of the paraphrased words should come from the source unless they are terms, names, dates, or places that can’t be reworded.  Most of the information you use from a source should be put in your own words.  But even this material needs to be cited with the author and page number. 
  3. When you find a source in Ebsco, look at the right side of screen and click “Cite” then scroll to find the MLA formatting.  It does the Works cited entry for you!  Copy and paste to your essay and fix any indentions, fonts, etc. to make it work.
    *Warning: some of these entries do not list the actual title of the article, so you will need to add that information.  Also some entries have all caps or don’t italicize what they should, so be mindful that the citation given to you in the database is not always perfectly correct. 
    If your secondary article about the story quotes from the actual story, do NOT use those quotes as part of your secondary research.  You can get those quotes from the original story, so do not pretend that is your research.  Your secondary source research needs to say something enlightening, analytical, interesting about the story, the characters, the themes.   
    For example: If my source was “Symbolism in ‘A Rose for Emily’” by Judah Hudson and within Hudson’s article he quoted from the story: “They held the funeral on the second day” from page 4 of Hudson’s article but this quote is found in the actual story on page 12, where do I use it? (You don’t!!!)
  4. Follow MLA format: Use size 12, Times New Roman font and 1-inch margins; double space. Include a Work Cited page. It is not included in the length requirement; it should appear on a separate page at the end of your paper. Without a Works Cited page and/or secondary sources, you will receive a zero on this assignment because it would not be a research essay, and I say that in the nicest way possible.

Breakdown of Research Essay:
• 2-3 Secondary Sources from Database.  – use at least one time each (but can use more), but you need a total of 4 quotes total from your secondary sources. (So Source # 1 you might just use once but Source # 2 you could use 5xs). Remember:  Sources add to your thoughts and back you up. ** Write down/screen shot all source information so that you can document your source.

•   Each source you use must be in the Works Cited page and the last name listed there should be the one I find in your citation within the paper and after each quote.

•   Attributive Tag the first time you use a source/author with his or her first and last name and title of article.                                                                                                                                       Example: Julia Wilson asserts in her article “Grassroots of Literature” that Phoenix Jackson knows the entire journey “is filled with grief and turmoil, yet her love drags her on” (8).

•   Primary Source (short stories or poem)- use at least 4 direct quotes with proper citation.

•   Outline-  Create an outline to organize your information. My suggestion is to form your thesis/argument first, reread the story and underline/copy quotes and examples that prove the point you are making. (Hint: you have to know your point before you do this ; )     Write your essay just like you’ve done with your other essays- using the text to prove your claim, setting up topic sentences, supporting details in the body, concluding sentences at the end of each paragraph. Next you will read the secondary sources you’ve found and skimmed and highlight quotes that the author wrote that makes a point similar to yours or helps explain one of your points or it can be something you completely disagree with and you use the text to prove the author wrong.

Give credit to your sources within your paper, using parenthetical documentation.  Any information you use from a source, direct quotes and paraphrases must be given credit using parenthetical documentation.  You will put the author’s last name and paragraph number or page number in parenthesis after the information it refers to.  Ex: (Wilkins 53).  Remember if a source in online or has no page numbers, you count the paragraph numbers and use this in citation. Example: (par. 3). If you use one sentence of information in your paper, then you will put the parenthesis after that one sentence.  You must cite at least 1-2 secondary sources per body paragraph. 

Plagiarism:  “Plagiarism is the use of someone else’s writing without giving proper credit or perhaps without giving credit at all to the writer of the original.  Whether plagiarism is intentional or unintentional, it represents a serious academic offence . . .” (McCrimmon 499). 

Ellipsis points are used within quotations from the text to indicate where one or more words have been omitted. Example: According to the narrator, “The sound of her whisper startled her.  She . . . looked about to see whether anyone had been listening” (92). Original sentence: “She shook herself free and looked      

Square brackets are used within quotations from the text to indicate that a letter, word, or phrase has been changed or added. Example: As she watches the stranger’s wagon leave the ranch, Elisa “[stands] in front of her wire fence watching the slow progress of the caravan. Her shoulders [are] straight, her head thrown back, her eyes half-closed, so that the scene [comes] vaguely into them” (92).

Use an attributive tag the first time you use a source/author with his or her first and last name: Example: Julia Wilson asserts in her article “Grassroots of Literature” that Phoenix Jackson knows the entire journey “is filled with grief and turmoil, yet her love drags her on” (Wilson 8).
I shouldn’t do this, but I am giving you your research articles (secondary sources) from Literary Reference Center and Ebsco Host.  I’ve listed the works cited entries.  Find these in the databases and read through them and decide which 2-3 you want to use.  You’re welcome. 

Works Cited Entries on Secondary Sources for Night from Literary Reference Center and Ebsco Host
From Literary Reference Center Database
This one is also in Ebsco Host
Leighton, Christopher M. “Oprah, Elie Wiesel, and My Fellow Christians.” Commentary,
vol. 121, no. 5, May 2006, pp. 59–62. EBSCOhost, to an external site. (

Pace, Audra. “Elie Wiesel, Witness.” Read, vol. 58, no. 12, Feb. 2009, pp. 18–19. EBSCOhost, to an external site. (

Franklin, Ruth. “A Thousand Darknesses.” New Republic, vol. 234, no. 10, pp. 28–33 EBSCOhost, (
2771&site=lrc-live. Accessed 21 Oct. 2022.
From Ebsco Host
Frunză, Sandu. “Ethics, Religion and Memory in Elie Wiesel’s Night.” Journal for the Study of
Religions and Ideologies, vol. 9, no. 26, Jan. 2010, pp. 94–113. EBSCOhost, (

Danks, Carol. “Using the Literature of Elie Wiesel and Selected Poetry to Teach the Holocaust in
the Secondary..” Social Studies, vol. 87, no. 3, May 1996, p. 101. EBSCOhost, (

Shannon Quigley. “Father and God (the Father) in Wiesel’s Night as Response to the
Holocaust.” Humanities, vol. 10, no. 57, Mar. 2021, p. 57. EBSCOhost, (

Sources and Works Cited for Research Essay on Night-Due Mar 28

Instructions from professor:

This is for Night: Upload 2 research articles  from Ebsco Host or Literary Reference Center  through MCC’s library page. 

 Upload a Microsoft Word document with the following information:

  1. For each article, write one paragraph (10 sentences) per source (so that’s 2 paragraphs)  to summarize the article to prove that you have read the article.  Remember, other students will submit these same sources and summaries to me, and I HAVE READ most of these articles, so I will be able to tell if you haven’t done this.   In the paragraph, tell me how the source can be used in your essay to prove your point/thesis. 
  2. Put the sources in  Works Cited entries on the same a Word Doc.  
  3. Attach the articles.  The articles may be an attachment of the file or a http that I can click on and read the article. 
    **** I have given you the research secondary sources for your Research Essay on Night in the Research essay directions and on a Word document under the Research module.  See those for extra help.  You may use a different source you find in those databases if it works better for your essay. 

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