Wundt’s and Titchener’s Influence on Psychology

Wilhelm Wundt’s structuralism began the movement that explored the elements of consciousness. Edward B. Titchener expanded upon this structure by adding the purpose or function of consciousness. Many psychological experts viewed structuralism as a more focused movement, yet functionalism had a more far-reaching impact, perhaps because of its loosely defined parameters.

For this Discussion, review Chapter 5 in your textbook (Benjamin, 2013). Consider how Wundt and Titchener’s assumptions, worldviews, and values were similar and different and influenced the field of behaviorism.

Post an explanation of how Wundt’s theoretical construct of structuralism and Titchener’s theoretical construct of functionalism influenced the field of behaviorism. In your explanation, include similarities and differences between Wundt’s and Titchener’s philosophical assumptions, worldviews, and values that informed the evolution of structuralism, functionalism, and behaviorism.


Required Readings

Benjamin, L. T.  (2019). A brief history of modern psychology (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Wiley.

  • Chapter 5, “The Early Schools of American Psychology” (pp. 68-85)

Brooks-Gunn, J., & Duncan-Johnson, A. D. (2006). G. Stanley Hall’s contribution to science, practice and policy: The child study, parent education, and child welfare movements. History of Psychology9(3), 247–258.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Chandler, M. J. (2009). Piaget on Piaget. British Journal of Psychology100(1a), 225–228.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Gredler, M. E. (2009). Hiding in plain sight: The stages of mastery/self-regulation in Vygotsky’s cultural-historical theory. Educational Psychologist44(1), 1–19.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Green, C. D. (Ed.) (n.d.). Classics in the history of psychology. Retrieved from http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/

Leary, D. E. (2009). Between Peirce (1878) and James (1898): G. Stanley Hall, the origins of pragmatism, and the history of psychology. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 45(1), 5–20.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Lickliter, R., & Honeycutt, H. (2013). A developmental evolutionary framework for psychology. Review of General Psychology17(2), 184–189.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Obukhova, L. F. (2012). Vygotsky and developmental psychology in his and our time. Cultural-Historical Psychology, (1), 51–58.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

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