Your submission must be your original work. No more than a combined total of 30% of the submission and no more than a 10% match to any one individual source can be directly quoted or closely paraphrased from sources, even if cited correctly. An originality report is provided when you submit your task that can be used as a guide.

You must use the rubric to direct the creation of your submission because it provides detailed criteria that will be used to evaluate your work. Each requirement below may be evaluated by more than one rubric aspect. The rubric aspect titles may contain hyperlinks to relevant portions of the course.

A. Identify a nursing theory that has influenced your values and goals(May use book Contemporary Nursing Ch. 5 Theories of nursing practice by Susan R. Jacob, PhD, MSN, RN ): TABLE 5.2

Summary of Major Nursing Theorists and Theory Description

Theorist and DateTheory Description
Florence Nightingale, 1860Investigates the effect of the environment on healing.
Hildegard E. Peplau, 1952Interpersonal relations model explores the interpersonal relationship of the nurse and the client and identifies the client’s feelings as a predictor of positive outcomes related to health and wellness.
Faye Abdellah, 1960Twenty-one nursing problems. Client-centered interventions.
Ida Jean Orlando, 1961Theory of the nursing process. Deliberate nursing approach that stresses the action of the individual client in determining the action of the nurse; focus is on the present or short-term outcome.
Virginia Henderson, 1966Definition of nursing. Nursing assists patients with 14 essential functions toward independence.
Myra Estrin Levine, 1967Conservation model. Four conservation principles of inpatient client resources (energy, structural integrity, personal integrity, and social integrity).
Martha E. Rogers, 1970Science of unitary human beings: energy fields, openness, pattern, and organization; nurse promotes synchronicity between human beings and their universe or environment.
Betty Neuman, 1970Systems model: wellness-illness continuum; promotes the nurse as the agent in assisting the client in adapting to and, therefore, reducing stressors; supports the notion of prevention through appropriate intervention.
Dorothea Orem, 1971Self-care model. Nursing facilitates client self-care by measuring the client’s deficit relative to self-care needs; the nurse implements appropriate measures to assist the client in meeting these needs by matching them with an appropriate supportive intervention.
Imogene King, 1971Goal attainment theory. Goal attainment using nurse-client transactions; addresses client systems and includes society, groups, and the individual.
Sister Callista Roy, 1974Adaptation model. Client’s adaptation to condition using environmental stimuli to adjust perception.
Madeline Leininger, 1977Theory of cultural care diversity and universality. Transcultural and caring nursing; concepts are aimed toward caring and the components of a culture care theory; diversity, universality, worldview, and ethnohistory are essential to the four concepts of care, caring, health, and nursing.
Jean Watson, 1978Philosophy and science of caring and humanistic nursing; there are 10 “carative” factors that are core to nursing; this holistic outlook addresses the impact and importance of altruism, sensitivity, trust, and interpersonal skills.
Margaret Newman, 1979Central components of this model are health and consciousness followed by concepts of movement, time, and space; all components are summative units, described in relationship to health and to each other.
Dorothy E. Johnson, 1980Behavioral system model for nursing; separates the psychologic and physiologic aspects of illness; role of the nurse is to provide support and comfort to attain regulation of the client’s behavior.
Rosemarie Rizzo Parse, 1981Theory of human becoming proposes that quality of life from each person’s individual perspective should be the goal of nursing practice. Parse first published the theory in 1981 as the “man-living-health” theory; however, the name was officially changed to “the human becoming theory” in 1992 to remove the term man after the change in the dictionary definition of the word from its former meaning of “humankind”; individual, by existing, actively participates in creating health according to environmental influences; individual is regarded as an open system wherein health is a process.

1. Explain how nurses apply the identified theory from part A to implement excellent nursing practices.

2. Discuss how the identified theory from part A fits your professional practice.

B. Identify the contributions of two historical nursing figures in the nineteenth or twentieth century.(May use CH.5 from section A)

1. Compare the differences in contributions of the two historical figures identified in part B.

2. Describe how the contributions of the two historical figures influence your professional nursing practice.

C. Explain the functional differences between the State Board of Nursing and the American Nurses Association (ANA).

1. Define the roles of these two organizations.

2. Explain how these two organizations influence your nursing practice.

3. Explain the requirements for professional license renewal in your state (Use California)

a. Discuss the consequences of failure to maintain license requirements in your state (Use California)

4. Compare the differences between registered nursing license requirements in a compact state versus a non-compact state. State if your state California is compact or non-compact(May use some resources such as National Council of State or Boards of Nursing)

D. Discuss the functional differences between the Food and Drug Administration and the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (see the web links below  or

1. Discuss how the two regulatory agencies influence your professional nursing practice and what each regulate.

a. Describe your role as a patient advocate in promoting safety when a patient has requested to use an alternative therapy.

E. Discuss the purposes of the Nurse Practice Act in your state and its impact on your professional practice.

1. Discuss the scope of practice for a RN in your state (use California) (May use some resources such as National Council of State or Board of Nursing)

2. Discuss how your state defines delegation for the RN. (use California)

F. Apply each of the following roles to your professional practice:

• a scientist: Nurse as ScientistThe nurse participates in scientific inquiry to inform healthcare decisions; and critiques, disseminates and implements evidence to influence practice.

• a detective: Nurse as Detective: The nurse uses clinical imagination coupled with nursing science to detect subtle changes and deviations from expected patterns of being to prevent or control adverse outcomes.

• a manager of the healing environment: Nurse as manager of the Healing Environment: The healing environment is global in nature and includes considerations of healthcare policy, finance and regulations. Acknowledging this, the nurse creates, coordinates, and advocates for a respectful, interdisciplinary environment that promotes optimal well-being and affirms the dignity of the human experience.

G. Identify two provisions from the American Nurses Association (ANA) Code of Ethics (see web link below).

BOX 9.1

American Nurses Association Code of Ethics for Nurses

• The nurse practices with compassion and respect for the inherent dignity, worth, and unique attributes of every person.

• The nurse’s primary commitment is to the patient, whether an individual, family, group, community, or population.

• The nurse promotes, advocates for, and protects the rights, health, and safety of the patient.

• The nurse has authority, accountability, and responsibility for nursing practice; makes decisions; and takes action consistent with the obligation to promote health and to provide optimal care.

• The nurse owes the same duties to self as to others, including the responsibility to promote health and safety, preserve wholeness of character and integrity, maintain competence, and continue personal and professional growth.

• The nurse, through individual and collective effort, establishes, maintains, and improves the ethical environment of the work setting and conditions of employment that are conducive to safe, quality health care.

• The nurse, in all roles and settings, advances the profession through research and scholarly inquiry, professional standards development, and the generation of both nursing and health policy.

• The nurse collaborates with other health professionals and the public to protect human rights, promote health diplomacy, and reduce health disparities.

• The profession of nursing, collectively through its professional organizations, must articulate nursing values, maintain the integrity of the profession, and integrate principles of social justice into nursing and health policy.

Reprinted with permission from American Nurses Association. (2015). Code of ethics for nurses with interpretive statements, Silver Spring, MD:, American Nurses Association. Available online at

1. Analyze how the two provisions identified in part G influence your professional nursing practice.

2. Describe a nursing error that may occur in a clinical practice (e.g., clinical setting, skills lab, or simulation).

a.  Explain how the ANA provisions identified in part G can be applied to the error discussed in part G2.

H. Identify four leadership qualities or traits that represent excellence in nursing.

1. Discuss the significance of the four leadership qualities identified in part H in the nurse’s role as each of the following:

• a leader at the bedside

• within a nursing team or interdisciplinary team

2. Identify how your work environment impacts the following:

• nursing leadership

• decision making

• professional development

I. Acknowledge sources, using APA-formatted in-text citations and references, for content that is quoted, paraphrased, or summarized.

J. Demonstrate professional communication in the content and presentation of your submission.

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